Autism Spectrum Disorders are lifelong neurodevelopmental disabilities. The onset is usually before 36 months of age and can be characterized by; impairments in reciprocal social interactions, impairments in verbal and non verbal communication skills, stereotyped behavior, interests and activities
Accurate diagnosis is important for reasons being:
- Parents believe their child is "different" however through assessment and support they can better understand their child's strengths and needs.
- Early intervention and appropriate educational program placement can be planned.
- Facilitated access to specialists and other support services can be arranged.
- Individuals who receive support are better able to understand the management process
The board term for the student with neurological disorder that affects a children's ability to communicate, understand the language, and play with others is called Autism Spectrum Disorder. A lot of students with Autism can differ in the abilities, intelligence, and behavior. Some autistic pupil don't talk at all, while others may produce some speech words. Sometimes a children with advanced language skill may have limited expressive skill; they talk about limited range of topic, they can be over-obsessive with one particular topic they are fond of. Also, they have the tendency to have uncontrolled reaction to specific stimuli, for example, they can become over reactive to bright lights, noises, or certain textures of the food.
Statistics: According to Current Data from the Center of Disease Control Prevention, the children on autism spectrum disorder has been identified 1 out of 88 children.(1)
Cause: The cause of ASD has not been known. The researchers are currently studying in the the brain relating to chemical imbalances and neurological damages. (2)
They usually have some of the following characters, ranging from mild to severe:(They are typically shown at the age of three)
- Difficulty to relate with others
- Difficulty in communication
- Unusual/Stereotypical behavior
- Repetitive Body Movement/Behavior
There are five types of Autism under Persuasive Developmental Disorder:
The children with autistic disorder are usually eligible for services under the federal law of Individuals with Disabilites Education Act (IDEA) including Early Intervention and Special Education Service.
Autism: "a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences." [34 CFR §300.8(c)(1)(i)]
"Autism does not apply if a child's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child has an emotional disturbance, as defined in paragraph (c)(4)." [34 CFR §300.8(c)(1)(ii)]
"A child who manifests the characteristics of autism after age three could be identified as having autism if the criteria in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section are satisfied."[34 CFR §300.8(c)(1)(iii)]